President-elect Joe Biden said Monday that the United States must join other democracies to write the rules of world trade, not China. South Korea did not participate in the 2006 agreement, but expressed interest in joining the TPP and was invited by the United States to the TPP negotiations after the successful conclusion of its free trade agreement between the United States of America and the Republic of Korea in December 2010.  South Korea already had bilateral trade agreements with some TPP members, but areas such as vehicle construction and agriculture still needed to be agreed, making multilateral negotiations on the TPP a little more complicated.  South Korea could join the TPP as part of a second round of expansion of the trade agreement.  The Office of the United States Trade Representative challenges the idea that ISDS “challenges the sovereign capacity of governments to impose any measures they wish to protect workers` rights, the environment or other public welfare issues.”  The International Bar Association (IBA) echoes this view and notes that “while investment contracts restrict the ability of states to impose arbitrary or discriminatory treatment, they do not restrict (and, in fact, expressly protect) a state`s sovereign right to regulate in the public interest in a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory manner.”  The White House notes that investment protection is an integral part of more than 3,000 trade agreements, the vast majority of which have some form of neutral arbitration.  The United States participates in at least 50 such agreements, has experienced only 13 isDS cases and has never lost a case of ISDS.  The White House asserts that the components of the TPP ISDR are an improvement and improvement over ISDS in other trade agreements: the TPP makes it clear that governments can regulate in the public interest (including health, safety and the environment); The TPP provides for the ability to promptly dismiss reckless claims and to grant rights against the applicant in order to discourage such actions; Fictitious companies are prevented from accessing investment protection measures; and arbitration procedures under the TPP are publicly available and allow non-parties to lodge appeals.  Donald Trump criticized the TPP agreement as too long and complicated and said, “[i]t makes 5,600 pages, so complex that no one has read it.”  Senator Bernie Sanders accused the TPP of being much more than a free trade agreement.  In a speech on the 2016 presidential campaign, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump promised to withdraw the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership if elected. He argued that the agreement would “undermine” the U.S.
economy and its independence.   On November 21, 2016, in a video message, Trump outlined an economic strategy to “put America first” and said he would “negotiate fair bilateral trade agreements that will bring jobs and industry back to U.S. shores.” As part of the plan, Trump confirmed his intention to see the United States withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership for his first day in office.    McConnell argued that the TPP would not be taken into account at the lame meeting of the congress ducks before Trump`s inauguration.  In 2013, Nobel prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz warned that it would “serve the interests of the richest” on the basis of leaked TPP projects.   Organized work in the United States