This publication is available on www.gov.uk/government/publications/international-agreements-if-the-uk-leaves-the-eu-without-a-deal/aviation 203. According to the ONS, the UK exported $24.1 billion in transport services worldwide in 2015. Air services account for about two-thirds of the value of these exports ($16.4 billion).278 The EU has currently agreed that the UK should be treated as an EU member state for international agreements, including BASA at EU level. The British Department of Transport (DfT) and the CAA work with their counterparts in the United States, Canada and Brazil to conclude bilateral agreements when they can no longer rely on the EU. The CAA says it and the UK DfT “take all appropriate measures within their control to reduce disruptions in the aviation industry if no mutual recognition agreement is reached.” In addition to airworthiness certification, basas, MoUs and WAs offer bilateral cooperation in other areas of aviation, including maintenance, air operations and environmental certification. Britain will automatically leave the ECAA with all horizontal agreements negotiated by the EU at the end of the transition period. It also means that BRITISH airlines will no longer be subject to ECJ jurisdiction or EESA supervision. Without an agreement with the EU on aviation safety, it will be even more difficult for many companies to navigate the current crisis. Since the EU referendum, the CAA has made it clear that it views the most positive outcome for UK consumers and the aviation sector as an outcome in which the UK continues to participate in the EEA system and where existing mutual recognition systems between the UK and EAS Member States are maintained.
The best outcome would be a comprehensive free trade agreement between the UK and the EU, which will come into full force on 1 January 2021, but differences between the two negotiating teams on political totems in other areas jeopardise the risk of non-response to aviation safety regulations. 218.IATA considered that “given the size and importance of the UK aviation market, the United Kingdom can expect some leverage to negotiate.”306 However, Mr Pearce was able to question this because Member States` interest in a comprehensive agreement depends on their own markets: in countries such as Cyprus and Ireland, the UNITED Kingdom represented “50% of seats”, 307 IATA also found that, despite a series of bilateral agreements allowing them to fly between EU Member States, Swiss airlines could not offer domestic routes within another EU Member State.308 Ryanair found that the global air market outside the internal market “was characterized by protectionist behaviour , slow behaviour and slow behaviour on the part of the European Union. 309 As negotiations on the UK`s future relationship with the European Union are crucial, the critical issues of air transport have yet to be resolved.